Marius Daraškevičius (LKTI)
Dissertation theme "Decently Dining: Modernizing Dining Rooms and Related Spaces in Lithuanian Manor Houses in 19th Century". Supervisor assoc. prof. dr. Rasa Butvilaitė
Verkiai. Salle à manger / Philippe Benoist chromolithograph after Vasily Sadovnikov / Jan Kazimierz Wilczyński, ‘Album of Vilnius’, series II, fascicle I, No. 3.
In many Lithuanian Manor Houses, the Dining Room, center of the aristocratic social life, was modernized in the late 18th and 19th century. Included were adjacent related spaces. In a complex and plurimethodical approach, the PhD examines the formal changes by identifying the most frequent schemes. The aim is to insert these transformations in the frame of the particular socio-historical development in Lithuanian as well as in the context of European modernization.
To achieve the aim, the thesis proceeds in three steps. The introductory chapter describes the European modernization process in 18th and 19th century and its impact on Lithuanian nobility, including the changing life conditions and consumption habits. The results are discussed in Chapter 2 within the architectural theory of the period, thus describing and explaining the changes in the general organization of the Apartament and of the food consumption–supply–storage–production chains. The social background will be sketched out in Chapter 3, providing an outline of relevant examples in three categories of the nobility: (international) high aristocracy, wealthy (national) nobles and petty nobles.
Keywords: modernization, manor house, house planning, dining room, nobility, Lithuania, nineteenth century